US schools use solution-focused therapy. What is this treatment? What’s the benefit of solution-focused treatment?
But what are the issues of school kids that may require treatment?
Well, for one, it centers on finding an immediate solution to a problem, according to the therapy treatment manual. With that, issues of kids at school are dealt with quickly.
Some schools employ one social worker, usually a licensed counselor, to assist with students’ mental health problems such as clients managing trauma.
In some institutions, there is one social worker per grade level. But in most cases, one professional will have to handle hundreds or near to a thousand students who seek therapy process all year long, as well as answers to their miracle question.
What are these issues that need handling, and possibly Solution-Focused Therapy?
(Read this article for more knowledge on SFT.)
Some issues that treatment Modalities address are the following:
1. Child Behavioral Problems (ASD, ADHD, and the likes)
3. Emotional issues
5. Drug or alcohol use
8. Teenage sex and pregnancy
SFT: Handling These Issues
Why is solution-focused therapy useful for these concerns?
There are techniques that qualified SF therapists can utilize based on the program and find solutions to these problems mentioned.
Who will find the answers, you ask? It’s not the therapist. The students will be the ones presenting problems and issues, processing them, and finding a viable way to solve them.
The solution-focused practitioners will facilitate the therapy session and use techniques (coping questions) so that the students will look into themselves and their strengths to end the problem with an affirmative answer. This is the SFBT approach.
There are at least seven important techniques that a qualified counselor can use every time a child is in need of a solution-focused approach.
A focused brief therapy SFBT counselor should assists children to discern their strengths in finding answers through problem solving activities.
SFBT is a goal-directed therapeutic process, therapy evidence-based approach.
It is future-oriented and incorporates positive psychology principles and practices.
For example: How can children make things better from their end?
How can they improve this situation that they have now?
If there is a way to solve this problem, what do they think will it be?
A counselor should use miracle questions.
For example: Let’s say by miracle, all troubles and concerns are gone instantly.
But then they woke up, and it was all a dream.
Something is different in them.
What do they think will be that different thing?
A solution-focused therapist should use scaling questions.
If they are in a hospital bed and experiencing pain, the doctor will ask them, on a scale of 1 to 10, how painful is their body right now? And then, of course, they’ll answer it with how they feel so that the doctor can treat them (based on the client’s life experiences).
In solution-focused brief therapy, it is somewhat the same.
For example, 10 is the goal of children which they must attain and solve the child’s behavioral problems. But of course, they have to pass through 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and so on, until they reach ten.
If they are still somewhere below ten, the mental health professionals will have to ask – How can they go from five to six? What actions must they take to do that?
A SOLUTION-FOCUSED THERAPIST SHOULD HELP SET THEIR OBJECTIVE TO RESOLVE THE ISSUE WITH GOAL-ORIENTED QUESTIONS.
For example: After this session, what do children think will happen? What do they want to happen? What must be done differently?
A counselor will have to suggest to the children that behavioral changes must happen soon, a person must act on it, and create a solution.
A COUNSELOR MUST ASK EXCEPTIONAL QUESTIONS.
A miracle question can start with: Give me a reason as to when this type of problem doesn’t occur? How was it different from the situation now? What made it better? What changed?
A solution-focused therapist should provide breaks and gives indirect compliments during solution-focused treatment therapy sessions.
It doesn’t have to be a long break – just three to five minutes will do. A family therapy center counselor must commend children on their coping skills and ability, and compliment them on their persistence and sociability.
A solution-focused treatment should end the therapy with solution-focused homework.
There are more than seven techniques used in this specific brief family therapy center treatment, but these outcome research measures mentioned are most active on young students.
In as short as three to five sessions, children will find the means to solve problems and surprisingly, a way for them to not repeat the past.
Indeed, learning solution focused therapy in a school setting is helpful, especially if in constructive collaboration with other psychiatric treatment programs.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is the main concept of the Solution-Focused Approach?
2. What is an example of a Solution-Focused Approach?
3. What is the difference between CBT and SFT?
4. Which techniques are commonly used in solution-focused approaches?
5. How many sessions does SFBT have?
6. What are the types of questions that are used in the solution-focused approach?
7. Is a solution-focused approach an evidence-based practice?
8. How Does SFT empower clients?
9. What are the three rules of a solution-focused approach?
10. What are solution-focused interventions?