Solution-Focused Treatment

US schools use solution-focused therapy. What is this treatment? What’s the benefit of the treatment?


Solution-Focused Therapy

But what are the issues of school kids that may require treatment?

Well, for one, it centers on finding an immediate solution to a problem. With that, issues of kids at school are dealt with quickly. Some schools employ one social worker, usually a licensed counselor, to assist with students’ problems. In some institutions, there is one social worker per grade level. But in most cases, one professional will have to handle hundreds or near to a thousand students all year long. What are these issues that need handling, and possibly Solution-Focused Therapy? (Read this article for more knowledge on solution-focused therapy.)

Solution-Focused Therapy

Some issues that the treatment addresses are the following

    1. Behavioral concerns (ASD, ADHD, and the likes)
    2. Learning disabilities
    3. Emotional issues
    4. Academic problems
    5. Drug or alcohol use
    6. Poverty
    7. Bullying
    8. Teenage sex and pregnancy


Solution-Focused Therapy: Handling These Issues

Why is solution-focused therapy useful for these concerns? There are techniques that a qualified counselor can utilize based on the program that will ultimately find solutions to these problems mentioned.

Who will find the answers, you ask? It’s not the therapist. The students will identify their issues, process them, and find a viable way to solve them. The counselor will facilitate the meeting and use techniques (questions) so that the students will look into themselves and their strengths to end the problem with an affirmative answer. This is the purpose of solution-focused therapy.

There are at least seven important techniques that a qualified counselor can use every time a child is in need of solution-focused therapy.

Solution-Focused Therapy

A solution-focused therapy counselor should assists children to discern their strengths in finding answers

For example: How can children make things better from their end? How can they improve this situation that they have now? If there is a way to solve this problem, what do they think will it be?

A counselor should use miracle questions.

For example: Let’s say by miracle, all troubles and concerns are gone instantly. But then they woke up, and it was all a dream. Something is different in them. What do they think will be that different thing?

A solution-focused therapist should use scaling questions.

If they are in a hospital bed and experiencing pain, the doctor will ask them, on a scale of 1 to 10, how painful is their body right now? And then, of course, they’ll answer it with how they feel so that the doctor can treat them. In the solution-focused therapy treatment, it is somewhat the same.

Solution-Focused Therapy

For example, 10 is the goal of children in which they must attain and solve the issue. But of course, they have to pass through 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and so on, until they reach ten. If they are still somewhere below ten, the solution-focused therapy counselor will have to ask – How can they go from five to six? What actions must they take to do that?

A solution-focused therapist should help set their objective to resolve the issue with goal-oriented questions.

For example: After this session, what do children think will happen? What do they want to happen? What must be done differently? A solution-focused therapy counselor will have to suggest to the children that change must happen soon, a person must act on it, and create a solution.


Solution-Focused Therapy

A counselor must ask exceptional questions.

For example: Give me a reason as to when this type of problem doesn’t occur? How was it different from the situation now? What made it better? What changed?

A solution-focused therapist should provide breaks and gives compliments during the solution-focused treatment therapy session.

It doesn’t have to be a long break – just three to five minutes will do. A solution-focused therapy counselor must commend children on their coping skills and ability, and compliment them on their persistence and sociability.

A solution-focused therapy should end the therapy with solution-focused homework. 

There are more than seven techniques used in this specific solution-focused therapy treatment, but these measures mentioned are most active on young students. In as short as three to five sessions, children will find the means to solve problems and surprisingly, a way for them to not repeat the past. Indeed, solution-focused treatment in a school setting is helpful, especially if in conjunction with other treatment programs.

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